Namibia is a largely barren country of harsh and carved beauty. The most vibrant images are those characterized by their stunning artistic scenery of orange sand dunes, sparkling mirages and treacherous dust demons. The obvious devastation is the deceptive, plant, animal and even human life has adapted to this environment. The country is almost exclusively designed with an active and adventurous student in mind. Timeless deserts, tree savannahs, deserted windswept coastlines, majestic canyons, and sun-salt salt pans are the reward that await the traveler.
Namibia's first draw is the Etosha National Park, ranked as one of the best game sanctuaries in Africa. The country's bird experience is truly superior. On a safari in Namibia, the range of activities you can enjoy in the unprecedented physical environment is truly magnificent. Hiking in the desert, skydiving on land and sea, paragliding, white-water rafting and sand skiing along the coastal dunes are good activities for beginners. The most fun games to choose from include abseiling – the most exciting of rock sports, coastal fishing, fresh water, desert camel rides, scuba diving, 4 × 4 desert rides, hiking and climbing.
Namibia has four distinct geographical areas. In the north is Etosha Pan, a magnificent area of wildlife and the heart of Etosha National Park. Located between Zambia and Botswana, a thin Caprivi Strip is a wet area of forests blessed by a few rivers. Along the coast is the 80 million-year-old Namib Desert, the world's oldest desert. On the coast, the icy cold Atlantic Ocean meets the scorching African desert, leading to dense fog. The well-watered central plateau stretches from north to south, carrying rugged mountains, magnificent valleys, rocky products and extended plains.
Namibia, two and a half times the size of France, is sparsely populated with only 1.8 million people. People are as unique as the land they live on. The most interesting are the San, otherwise known as the Bushmen. These most hardy people have very advanced knowledge of their environment. It is wonderful how well adapted to its difficult environment. Just pause and think these are the only people in the world who live without any permanent access to water. In the Kalahari Desert, one of its habitat, surface water cannot be found. Tubers, watermelons and other plants that carry water as well as underground wells provide their water needs.
In Namibia today, Bush's men number about 50,000. Historians estimate that they have lived, mostly as hunters and collectors, for at least 25,000 years in these parts of the world. The Bushmen speak a strange mortal language and are extremely talented in the arts of storytelling, tradition and dance. Most of the other people in Namibia, who are indigenous to the continent, are of Bantu origin. They are believed to have arrived from West Africa about 2,400 years ago. African groups include Awambo, Kavango, Caprivian, Hierro, Hemba, Damara, Nama and Tswana.
Putting Africans aside, the other groups make up about 15% of the population and played an important role in the emergence of the modern nation. The number of white Namibians reaches about 120.00, mostly of German and Afrikaner heritage. The Germans arrived in large numbers after 1884 when Bismarck declared the country a German protectorate. Africans, white farmers of Dutch descent, moved north from their settlements in Cape, especially after the Dutch Cape Colony was abandoned to the British in 1806. This strongly independent people, whose ancestors lived in Cape from 1652, resented British control.
Two other distinct groups complement the spectrum of the Namibian people – Baster and Colors. Color in Namibia and South Africa refers to people of mixed ethnic heritage, for example white black. They have a separate identity and culture. This makes sense given that Namibia was run by South Africa after the First World War. Even in pre-apartheid South Africa, apartheid was a wonderful art. African-speaking Amazighs, descended from Hottentot women and Dutch settlers in Cape. After being isolated from both white and black communities, they strolled north, finally establishing their city Rehoboth, in 1871. The extract from Buster is already derived from "bastard", but it is not insulting, and the buster is really proud of it.
The remote and attractive coasts of Namibia were a natural deterrent to the ambitions of European explorers. That was until 1884, when German merchant Adolf Ludritz founded a permanent settlement between the Namib Desert and the Atlantic coast. Bismarck later declared that the territory covered by Namibia was a German colony and called Sudoistafrika or Southwest Africa. When German settlers moved in, the conflict was inevitable with the heirs of the land.
The German occupation was a particularly unhappy experience for Hero. Herero resented the harsh and racist German rule and the impact of encroachment on their land on their living and lifestyle. On the first day of 1904, Hero, led by leader Samuel Maherero, suddenly and unexpectedly armed with weapons against their colonial ancestors. Nama joined the rebellion and the authorities did not regain control until six months after the attempt. More than 100 German settlers and soldiers died in the uprising. Historians now consider the events that followed to form the first genocide of the 20th century.
First Lieutenant Lothar von Truth was provided with a 14,000-strong unit charged with quelling the insurgency. Then the governor-general of the region was Rudolf Goering – father of Hermann Goering, Hitler's right-hand man. Lothar von Truth was a generation before his generation and his kind of thinking was to become government policy under the Third Reich. He said that Herero must be destroyed as a people and that he did not succeed in killing women or children. In the end, 100,000 Nama and Hiro were killed. Survivors were grazed in concentration camps where unspeakable things happened. Herero performed very poorly and 80% of her people perished. The population of growth decreased by 35-50%.
Windhoek, the capital of 165,000 people, is the only real city in the country. For those who travel to remote areas, this is where practical things are settled. The positive aspects of the German era can be seen in the charming style of the city's old buildings. Highlights include the State Museum, State Archives and the Namibia Handicraft Center. Dan Viljoen Game Park is 24 km west of Windhoek on the pleasant Khoma Hochland hills. At this resort you will find ostriches, baboons, zebras and more than 200 species of birds. Waterburg Plateau Park is 230 km from Windhoek and is popular on weekends. This vast mountain wilderness is home to Cheetah, Cheetah, Kodo, Giraffe, and White Rhinoceros.
Etosha National Park is what brings together wildlife enthusiasts in Namibia. The park is comparable in size and diversity of species with the best in Africa. Etosha's unusual topography carries savannah grasslands, dense brush and forest. But in Etosha Pan, a depression that sometimes carries water and covers 5,000 square kilometers, this is the heart of the park. The permanent springs around the pan, attract many birds and wild animals in the dry winter months. The effect of this background is magical, some of the best wildlife photos have been taken here.
There are 144 species of mammals in the garden and elephants are very abundant. Some other interesting wildlife here include giraffe, tiger, cheetah, jackal, blueebeest blue, gemsbok and black rhinoceros. Large birds in Itosha have been recorded more than 300 species of birds. You'll get the best value by spending at least three days here. There are excellent accommodation facilities at the three rest camps in Namutoni, Hilali and Okakoyjo. The best time to see the animals is between May and September, when the water attracts them in large numbers to the edge of the pan. Etosha is located 400 km north of Windhoek by road.
The Fish River Canyon is unparalleled in Africa and only the Grand Canyon in the United States is larger. The valley spans 160 km and is 27 km wide and 550 meters deep. But size alone does not explain the attraction of the valley. You experience incredible views at various points along the edge. Adventure lovers don't just come to get views. Hiking through the valley is an extreme endurance adventure for hikers. There is a 90 km walking route that will take you 4 to 5 days to cover.
The corridor ends at the Ai-Ais hot spring resort where you can relax. You are allowed to stroll between early May and the end of September. The height is very hard and needless to say, you must be physically fit. The authorities do not believe most people can do this hike and will actually insist on seeing a medical fitness certificate before you are allowed to start. Fish River Canyon is 580 km south of Windhoek.
The skeleton coast was the tomb of sailors and whales and deserves this obsessive name. The problem is thick fog. Woe to the shipwreck survivors who expect a rest on the beach! In front of us is the Namib Desert, one of the most unwanted places. Adventurous travelers love to cruise along the coast where they enjoy the stunning beauty of the area. To the south of Cape Cross, there is a seal colony carrying tens of thousands of seals. Skeleton Coast Park covers 16,400 square kilometers and starts from 355 kilometers northwest of Windhoek.
Portuguese explorer Diego Cao arrived in this part of the world in 1486. He was probably one of the people whose experiences encouraged Europeans to venture on the beach until the Germans arrived 400 years later. To the south lies the Namib-Naukluft National Park, a vast wilderness covering an area of 50,000 square kilometers. The landscape is extremely diverse and covers mountain ridges, majestic sand dunes, and deep cut bridges. For the truly stunning dunes, the Sossusvlei region is unprecedented. Here you have a dune to 300 meters! The orange giants extend as far as the horizon, and the area has an unforgettable and unforgettable atmosphere.
To the north-east of the country, the Kavango and Caprivi Strip areas with potable water provide great wilderness suitable for game and camping. The area is also far away for bird lovers. Game parks in the region include: Kodom, Caprivi, Mahanju, Modumo and Mameli. Hunters have severely damaged wildlife during the years of civil war in neighboring Angola. But the numbers of animals accumulate quickly. Some wildlife in the area include tiger, elephant, buffalo, cheetah, lion and various types of antelopes. Caprivi Reserve is located in an area of swamps and flood plains. Here you have the opportunity to take part in fishing, hiking, safari to watch games and river cruises on traditional mokoro boats.
In Namibia, you can enjoy up to 300 days of sunshine. The coast is mild and the heat operates between 5C-25C. Inside, daytime temperatures range from 20 ° C to 34 ° C, but can rise to 40 ° C in the north and south of the country. Winter nights may be extremely cold and frost occurs in large parts of the country. Inland rain falls in summer (November – April) and hurricanes are in the Caprivi region. Rain does not significantly affect travel, but beware of flash floods near the riverbed. The best time to travel is the dry months from March to October, when it is easy to see animals in the aquariums. It is best to avoid the Namib and Etosha desert between December and March when it becomes unbearably hot.
You can wear light cotton clothing and linens in the summer. During winter nights and mornings, you'll need heavier cotton, warm blankets and sweaters. Comfortable walking shoes are essential, because the ground gets too hot. Some useful things to pack include: camera, binoculars, sunglasses, sun caps, sunscreen and mosquito repellent. Be prepared for dusty conditions and carry your clothes and accessories in dustproof bags. Do not tend to buy things made of ivory. You may not be allowed to transport them through customs at home. It is also good to discourage trade in ivory products that keep fishermen active.
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Source by Andrew Muigai